Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Concept Of Therapeutic Relationships In Mental Health Social Work Essay Example

Concept Of Therapeutic Relationships In Mental Health Social Work Essay Example Concept Of Therapeutic Relationships In Mental Health Social Work Essay Concept Of Therapeutic Relationships In Mental Health Social Work Essay The remit of this essay is to research and discourse the construct of curative relationships in mental wellness and what is involved in constructing these relationships. The inquiry is in two parts, so in the first portion of the essay, the writer wishes to research the significance of a curative relationship and discourse what is needed from the nurse and service user to keep this. In the 2nd portion, the writer will take two cardinal elements that contribute to a curative relationship in mental wellness nursing and discourse the importance they have. The two cardinal elements that have been chosen is communicating, both verbal and non verbal, and the importance of these elements in a relationship between a nurse and a service user. To accomplish this end the writer will utilize assorted resources available, for illustration the cyberspace, literature from category and appropriate reading stuffs. Main Body Building relationships is cardinal to nursing work , ( Nursing Times ) and highly of import in mental wellness nursing. A curative relationship involves regard, empathy and genuineness ( Callaghan and Waldock 2006 ) . Both the nurse and service user should demo regard for each other and the nurse should esteem the beliefs of the service user, even if they do non hold with these. The relationship should be individual centred, leting the service user to be at the nucleus of their attention programs etc, their beliefs and wants must be respected at all times. Service users must be at the Centre of their attention and recovery. Choices and determinations should be made by them. If there are any alterations to be made to a attention bundle, the service user must be informed and have their say. In a curative relationship the nurse will back up the service user in all facets of their attention and recovery. With mention to the quotation mark in inquiry, did it at my degree and gait all the clip , ( Brown and Kandirkirira 2007 ) this is critical in recovery and for a curative relationship. The nurse must work aboard the service user and back up them in taking for the ends that the service user has made and non what the nurse expects them to be able to make. The service user should ever stay at the Centre of their recovery and to develop such a relationship, the nurse should portion their cognition of the unwellness, which gives the service user an apprehension of what they are sing and some control on the state of affairs and both will be able to take an active function in the direction of the unwellness, ( Owen 2004 ) .The nurse should be able to demo empathy, being able to set themselves in the service users place and conceive of how they would experience and how they would wish to be treated, accurate empathy is ever authorising, since it represents an apprehension and credence of the talker s feelings ( Millenson 1995 ) . This accomplishment shows the ser vice user that the nurse has taken on board what has been said and that they can set themselves in the persons state of affairs. Those involved in the curative relationship should ever demo genuineness and keep non judgmental attitudes towards each other. Genuineness is based on the ability of the practician to be unfastened with his patient It will assist to confirm the patient as the Centre of the intervention and advance the patients trust in the practician and his interventions, ( Owen 2004 ) . The nurse should desire to work aboard the service user and offer support when needed to accomplish and keep this relationship. The people have the right and the responsibility to take part separately and jointly in the planning and execution of their wellness attention, ( World Health Organisation 1978 ) . A curative relationship does non happen overnight, it takes clip and a great trade of trust is indispensable between the nurse and the service user. Trust is really of import for the relationship to develop and if this is achieved the service user will accept the nurses support and advice on interventions available and besides work aboard each other alternatively of the nurse proposing that they know best as they are the professional. patients themselves value curative relationships which offer regard, trust and attention and it seems that such relationships may in themselves prove to be mending in the broadest sense. ( Mitchell and Cormack 1998 ) . If trust is maintained throughout the development of the relationship the service user will get down to gain that the nurse does in fact attention about their state of affairs and does wish to back up them on their route to recovery offering support and advice when necessary. The trust gained from both people should assist each other t o get down experience at ease the more they meet with each other and the service user may easy get down to open up to the nurse and enable them to speak about how they are truly feeling, what may frighten them and accept their advice and support. It will besides demo the service user that they are at the Centre of their attention and that they will work at their ain gait and when they are ready to take that one measure further down their way to recovery, they will. A cardinal component that contributes to a curative relationship in mental wellness nursing is the usage of verbal communicating. One really of import facet of this is inquiring unfastened inquiries, which the service user is unable to answer with a simple yes or no reply. This will let the nurse to derive a deeper apprehension of how the service user truly feels ( Burnard 1992 ) . This besides shows the service user is at the Centre of their attention and possibly they will get down to speak openly and freely about their true feelings as this type of inquiries show the nurse does care for them and wants to back up them in the best possible manner, it allows the nurse to sympathize, if they can acquire a true history of the feelings the service user has. The empathy shown may promote the service user to speak openly more frequently as they know that they will non be judged for holding some of these feelings and ideas. Another of import facet of verbal communicating is reflecting and clear uping what has been said by the service user. Reflection requires the nurse to state back to the service user what they have said to guarantee they understand to the full. Clarifying is required by both the nurse and service user. The nurse may inquire a closed inquiry, which allows the service user to reply merely yes or no, or a individual reply to be definite, to guarantee they acquire the true significance of what the service user is stating and in bend the nurse can explicate their apprehension of the unwellness or state of affairs that the single finds themselves in and what support and services are available and how they can travel about puting these up, together, enabling the service user to do determinations after being given the pick to make so. When the nurse gives their positions to the service user, any specialist linguistic communication, for illustration slang, should be avoided as this may move as a barrier within the curative relationship as the nurse is non taking into history if the service user understands what is being said to them. This binds in with the nucleus elements of a curative relationship as the nurse will demo empathy, genuineness and trust will increase working at the degree and gait of the service user. The nurse must be cognizant of their tone of voice, ( Stickley and Freshwater 2006 ) when talking to the service user, to do certain they do nt come across as patronising or uncaring. This may make a challenge in keeping the relationship as the service user may experience belittled by the nurse and in bend may shut up and non talk about how they are genuinely experiencing therefore the relationship will non develop and there wo nt be any trust. Another component of verbal communicating is the nurse should non be speedy to job solve, ( Stickley and Freshwater 2006 ) . Leting the service user to believe of attacks of get the better ofing the jobs that may happen during their recovery procedure high spots that they are at the Centre of their attention and shows that they have the concluding determination in their attention and or intervention. If the nurse moves in rapidly to seek and assist the service user, it may come across as patronising and that they are seeking to take contro l of the state of affairs as they have non took the clip to inquire what the service user wants and may do a barrier between the nurse and the service user. The 2nd cardinal component that contributes to curative relationships in mental wellness is the usage of non verbal communicating. This component is highly of import in keeping a curative relationship and being cognizant of the accomplishment involved is critical. The most of import accomplishment is sitting in a mirrored place, non sitting face on in forepart of the patient but to the side and tilting somewhat in demoing they are ready and willing to listen ( Stickley and Freshwater 2006 ) , sitting behind a desk can move as a barrier and come across as authoritative ( Burnard 1992 ) and may do the service user to experience uneasy, discouraging them from opening up and experiencing unable to swear the nurse. The nurse should be sitting comfortably and in a manner that does non do the service user feel uncomfortable in any manner. The usage of oculus contact is paramount in keeping a curative relationship but cognizing when and how to utilize the accomplishment is the key. Too much oculus contact may do the state of affairs to escalate and both the nurse and service user may experience uncomfortable. Not plenty oculus contact may convey a deficiency of involvement in what the service user is seeking to state them and may do the curative relationship to come to an terminal and the service user may non demo what they are genuinely experiencing or believing at this clip. Another of import facet of non verbal communicating is listening, The function of the hearer therefore is a privileged one and one that can advance healing, ( Stickley and Freshwater 2006 ) . Listening is likely one of the greatest accomplishments a nurse can accomplish. Listening is, the nurse hearing what the service user is stating and understanding what is being said, non what the nurse thinks they are stating. effectivity mostly depends on the nurses ability to listen and observe cues for curative question, ( Stickley and Freshwater 2006 ) . Therefore once more shows the nurse has picked up on the item of the statement from the service user and can reflect back to the service user what has been said to clear up their apprehension and to reassure the service user that they are being listened to. This will assist the service user to construct trust in the nurse as they will hold a feeling of credence and that person is listening to them. Decision It can now be seen that there are many cardinal elements that contribute to a curative relationship and the list is eternal. A curative relationship requires a batch of clip and trust on both parts and the nucleus accomplishments required from a nurse is empathy, trust and genuineness. As the writer stated she was merely looking at two cardinal elements that contribute to this relationship and feels farther probe may be required into other elements to to the full understand the importance and why such accomplishments are acquired to construct a relationship with a service user and the troubles they may come across in keeping a curative relationship. One thing the writer has achieved is the importance of individual centred attention and how indispensable it is to affect and listen to the service user in all facets of their attention.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Jobs Roles In Middle East Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Jobs Roles In Middle East - Article Example In most Middle East countries, the petroleum industry tops as the best paying industry. It is because petroleum is the main export product for countries in this region. With the ever rising petroleum prices, countries in the Middle East region have continuously experienced growth, especially in the petroleum industry. From the explanation above, it can be agreed that the petroleum industry should have the best paying role. Petroleum engineers are the best paid in the Middle East. Duties of petroleum engineers include analyzing new oil reservoirs to determine costs and benefits, supervision of the drilling, extraction, and processing progressions. For an individual to qualify as a petroleum engineer, they must have a bachelor’s degree in engineering, most preferably in petroleum engineering. Other engineering courses may also be considered such as chemical engineering. A three year’s working experience is preferred by most employers. The Saudi Arabia has the most jobs wi thin this role in the Middle East. Financial managers are the second best-paid people in the Middle East. The role of the financial managers includes managing departments of the financial institution and making strategic decisions on issues regarding the institution. Most financial managers in the Middle East have a working experience of over ten years and a post-graduate award in a finance related course. Most of the jobs within this role are found in the United Arab Emirates. Gulfbusiness.com ranked major air pilots as the third best-paid roles in the Middle East. Qualification for major air pilots is usually good health and judgment ability, acquired a specific flight time, which in most cases should be above 1,500 hours. Other qualifications are specific to different airlines. The United Arab Emirates again has the highest number of jobs within this

Friday, February 7, 2020

Reading Summary Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 3

Reading Summary - Essay Example to identify changing customers’ requirements, identify adjacencies that may complement its existing products and in general, developed new products that anticipate customers’ needs. The networked solution generates pool of creative ideas that are tested for their relevance and undergo comprehensive R&D, marketing research, marketing and other functions before they are launched. It has given P&G significant competitive advantage in the market. ‘Tapping the World’s Innovation Hot Spots’ informs one about the different ways firms innovate in order to meet their strategic goals. The authors have broadly identified five major models of innovations that are used by firms: focused factory; brute force; Hollywood; large-scale ecosystem; and system integration. Focused factory model concentrates on few tasks or fields using talent pool to innovate. Brute force utilizes large number of ideas to develop highly useful and creative products. Firms forge alliances with universities and academia to tap new ideas. Hollywood model helps create special place like Silicon Valley where smart entrepreneurs gather and thrash out new ideas for innovation. Large-scale ecosystem is developed as response to emergencies or external environment like economic breakdown. Initiatives are often taken by national governments that give incentives to domestic agencies. System integration refers to services including R&D facilities and infrastructure that may be used by other firms to align their corporate strategies with models of innovation that best complement their competencies or requirements. The article is important as it expands on firm’s innovation

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Usefulness of participant observation to sociologists Essay Example for Free

Usefulness of participant observation to sociologists Essay Using information from the items and elsewhere, assess the usefulness of participant observation to sociologists. Participant Observation is a method of data collection that takes advantage of the human ability to empathise. It is often most useful to interpretist sociologists, as the data gathered is usually qualitative, and the research is invariably low in reliability. It is also high in validity, as the information is shared in a trusting environment. However, it is important to remember subjects may exaggerate for sympathy or to boast. There is a lot of depth and interaction involved in participant observation, therefore the data cannot be turned into measurable statistics. This is good for a sociologist using a micro, or bottom up approach, as they require feeling and opinions rather than numbers, as with positivists. Having said this, Emile Durkheim regarded suicide as a social fact, and used suicide statistics as hard evidence to explain a persons behaviour. Participant observation is adopted by sociologists aiming to discover the nature of reality, and get involved with other peoples interpretation and understanding of particular social environments. Thus it is sometimes referred to as a naturalistic method. Researchers want to put themselves in the shoes of another way of life, to get to the heart and live it as it is. Participant observers face many difficulties in getting accepted by the group they wish to study, especially if they use a covert approach, as trust has to be gained and the researcher must ensure they blend in, and not arouse suspision. Getting discovered would not only cause trouble, and even gage violent reactions, but would also waste a lot of time and money spent on the observation. For example, BBC reporter Donal Macintyre put himself at risk when he studied football hooliganism, or more specifically, the Chelsea headhunters. In order for him to get accepted by the group, he had to do a lot of background research using secondary sources. Not only this, but he had to to ensure his appearance and the way he acted was the same as the other hooligans. This conforming included getting a Chelsea tattoo, and even learning how to swear and smoke properly. Although this process is time consuming, and even drastic, the results he gained led to the arrest of several of the men, and exposed this behaviour. However, he put himself at great danger, as he could of been found out at any time, and was fully exposed after the programme was shown on TV. Therefore it is important to weigh up the pros and cons of participant observation before a sociologist decides on their method. The sociologist gains very in depth data by getting their information first hand, yet it is impossible to make generalisations from this data as it is usually a very select group of people, who may not represent the wider picture. Participant observation is usuful for those who have a particular interest in a subject, as they would get to see the world through the eyes of those people. Also, an interest is important otherwise the research may be half hearted and the researcher would likely know what to look for. Participant observation is a very useful, and possibly the only way of gaining access to a group involved in criminal or other socially unacceptable acts. For example, James Patrick (1973) covertly studied a Glasgow gang. No other form of research would have gained such in-depth results. Even an overt approach would not have been suitable, as the knowledge of a reaseacher in their gang would probably have changed their whole behaviour, and it would have been very difficult for James to get access into their gang, and impossible to gain their trust. The gang would never admit to these acts in questionnaires or other forms of research, as they never had to answer anything to James, he just went along with what they did. A similar situation is William Whytes study of a street corner gang in Boston. He became a member of their gang, and learnt that asking questions often resulted in the subjects closing up to him. Instead he listened, and found out more that way than if they had answered his questions. This shows how useful participant observation is to sociologists, as information can be discovered that would never have occurred to them in another form of research, and correlations can be made within their social group. For example, Donal Macintyre discovered a link between fascism and football hooliganism, which he may not even have considered before his observation. In important factor to keep in mind is the ethical issues involved in covert participant observation. It should only be fair that people give concent to their being observed, yet this knowledge may affect the results. Sociologists should bare in mind how their research could affect the lives of the subject and their families. Laud Humphreys studied homosexuals by acting as a gay voyeur or a watch-queen in toilets. He then got some of the mens addresses and a year later interviewed them as part of a heath survey. This may be seen as highly unethical, as he is getting involved in the families of his subjects. Polsky researched pool hustlers overtly in 1971. Polsky was against covert research: You damned well better not pretend to be one of them, because they will test this claim out and one of two things will happen: either you will get sucked into participant observation of the sort you would rather not undertake, or you will be exposed, with still grater negative consequences. You must let the criminals know who you are and if it is done properly it does not sabotage the research. With participant observation comes the problem of how to record findings accurately, in a way which is unbiased and accurate. Donal Macintyre used a covert camera to record his findings, which could then be transcripted and studied. This meant Donal was not relying on his memory, and personal interpretation did not get in the way of his results. Field diaries are often used by sociologists. Erving Goffman used a field diary in his study of asylums. He wrote down his findings at the end of the day. It is clear to see the obvious problems of accuracy here, as he may forget vital things, and his personal ideas will affect the way he interprets things.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Media Essay -- essays research papers

Violence in the Media Violence in the media has been a growing problem ever since the emergence of mass media. One wonders however, how violence has become so prominent in our culture, more so than other countries. More minors are being involved in heinous crimes such as murders and armed robberies. Even play on the school ground is getting rougher. There are many factors that play into the increasing violence, such as over population, religious struggles, and race. One factor that plays into the increase of violence would be mass media. Mass media has the power to reach and influence almost every American. Radio, newspaper, and television are all means by which media reaches people. Television however, can be considered the most influential. Ninety-eight percent of Americans have a television in their household. When it first came out it was considered a novelty, there were only a few channels and the signal was not very clear. Now it is available through air broadcast, cable, or satellite. Television ha s become part of everyday life. With the growing fixation and attraction to violence in the media, children in today’s society are becoming more violent and aggressive than ever before. However, to obtain a true understanding of this problem we must look at all aspect that cause violence, and not just put all of the blame on the media. Nevertheless, we shouldn’t forget the number one violence causing aspect, the media. America was founded upon violence; and we have always been a society of power and control. This land was violently taken away from the American Indians. After this land was civilized, power and control was desired so much so that we rebelled against Great Britain to have this place for ourselves. We rebelled with violence and won. America ever since has always been the best at almost everything. America will achieve this most of the time thru violence. Both world wars and other political conflicts have been won by America using violence. Power achieved thru violence is one of America’s downfalls. People in America have the spirit that this country was founded upon, which has its negative and positive aspects. However, violence is finding its way into out culture everywhere, especially the television. When it comes to children and television, there is much debate. Many argue that television is healthy for children. It opens up th... ...oduction of television (Facts about Media). This only proves that people become more violent from watching television or more immune to it. Many people admitted after September 11th that when they watched the planes crash into the World Trade Centers that they were not fazed. This is because Hollywood has shown things crash and blow up so much that we confuse it with a Hollywood movie. When you watch something so much it becomes a part of your life. You do not know the difference of it being â€Å"real† or just â€Å"TV.† In conclusion, violence in the media has been a growing problem for quite awhile. Mass media has the power to reach and influence almost every American. Radio, newspaper, and television are all means by which media reaches people. Through means of mass media, mostly television, violence is reaching Americas youth and turning our culture into a violent hungry society. Television has great influence on children. It opens their eyes to the world and violence on TV has a devastating effect that continues throughout their adulthood. Even though we can’t blame all of our flaws and problems on the media we should at least focus and fix this problem before too much harm is done.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Foundational Accounting Principles and Terminology Essay

We all know how important the accounting aspect of any business/organization is. It is basically the most important way to manage finances. Without proper accounting for all expenses and finances, a company and/or organization will definitely have a hard time being financially stable. In this paper we will discuss some foundational accounting principles and terminology that are basic but quite essential to the accounting practice. Now let’s discuss some accounting terms beginning with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) is a codification of how CPA firms and corporations prepare and present their business income and expense, assets and liabilities on their financial statements. GAAP is not a single accounting rule, but rather the aggregate of many rules on how to account for various transactions. GAAP are more like accounting standards (Wikipedia, 2009). Next we have Contra-Asset Accounts, which is defined as an account which offsets another account. A contra-asset account has a credit balance and offsets the debit balance of the corresponding asset. A contra-liability account has a debit balance and offsets the credit balance of the corresponding liability (InvestorWords, 2009). Let us move on to Historical Cost, which is a measure of value used in accounting in which the price of an asset on the balance sheet is based on its nominal or original cost when acquired by the company. The historical-cost method is used for assets in the U. S. under generally accepted accounting principles (Investopedia, 2009). Okay, now there is the Accrual Basis vs. Cash Bonus Accounting. This is the difference between the two. In Accrual basis accounting, income is reported in the fiscal period it is earned, regardless of when it is received, and expenses are deducted in the fiscal period they are incurred, whether they are paid or not. Basically, you record both revenues and expenses when they occur. In cash basis accounting, revenues are recorded when cash is actually received and expenses are recorded when they are actually paid (Ward, 2009). Last but not least, there is the Accounting Standards Codification. Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) is a major restructuring of accounting and reporting standards designed to simplify user access to all authoritative U. S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) by providing the authoritative literature in a topically organized structure. ASC disassembled and reassembled thousands of nongovernmental accounting pronouncements (including those of FASB, the Emerging Issues Task Force [EITF], and the AICPA) to organize them under approximately 90 topics. The ASC are those that oversee that all accounting and reporting standards are adhered to (Wikipedia, 2009). It is now time to move on to discuss and describe three sets of financial statements that are part of financial statements of companies /organizations. The three sets of financial statements we will be describing are The Balance Sheet, The Income Statement and The Statement of Cash Flows. The balance sheet also known as the â€Å"Statement of financial position† reveals a company’s assets, liabilities and equity (net worth). The balance sheet is divided into two parts that must equal each other, or balance each other out. The formula of the balance sheet is: Assets= Liabilities + Shareholder’s Equity. What this formula means is that assets, or the means used to operate the company, are balanced by a company’s obligations along with equity investment brought into the company and its retained earnings (Investopedia, 2009). Next we have the income statement, which measures a company’s financial performance over a specific accounting period. The financial performance is assessed by giving a summary of how the business incurs its revenues and expenses. It also shows the net profit or loss incurred over a specific accounting period, which is typically over fiscal quarter or year (Investopedia, 2009). Moving on to the last one, which is the cash flow statement. The cash flow statement allows investors to understand how a company’s operations are running, where its money is coming from, and how it is being spent. The cash flow statement is also a mandatory part of a company’s financial report, and has been so since 1987 (Investopedia, 2009). Now I will describe which is more useful, Net Income or Cash from Operating Activities? I believe that Cash from Operating Activities is more useful to companies because they can generate cash in several different ways. Three different ways to be exact, they are cash flows from operating activities, from investing activities, and financing activities. Cash from Operating Activities, in my opinion is the most useful because it paints the best picture of how well a company’s business operations are producing cash. After looking over the annual financial reports for Samsung, RTL Group and Lockheed Martin, I make the prediction that each company will continue to improve its net income as well as see a significant spike in their cash flow. As far as relevant information in regards to conglomerates, such as the IDOLS segment of the Fremantle Media North America, I was not totally sure how to get this information but I eventually continued to read the investor portion on the RTL Group website where I found out more information. All in all, I learned some new definitions when it comes to accounting and decision making. I thought this assignment was intense due to a lot of reading and research, but I believe I got through it well. I look forward to learning more about how accounting and decision making come together. References http://www.investopedia.com/articles/04/033104.asp http://www.investopedia.com/articles/04/031004.asp http://www.investopedia.com/terms/i/incomestatement.asp http://www.investorwords.com/5476/contra_account.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generally_Accepted_Accounting_Principles

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Characters And Characterism In Jane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte

A flower stands high in an empty field. It moves with every gust of wind and grows with every sunny day. At a single moment any one of the seven billion people on this Earth could have plucked it from the soil, yet for now, it remains in an upright position. Much like this flower, throughout life people are continuously influenced by those around them. Every person is changed constantly by the people around them, and their future is always altered because of this. In the novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontà ©, Jane Eyre is impacted greatly by characters such as Mrs. Reed, Helen Burns, and Mrs. Temple. These characters, just like the flower at mercy its environment, had left a great impact on Jane. Every story has a villain, and in Jane Eyre†¦show more content†¦Reed admits having wished Jane dead. Jane’s feelings were negatively impacted by this because she was saddened by the thought that her aunt wished her dead. However, Jane realized that she didn’t need to be hurt by her aunt’s words, and learned to forgive. Despite the negative impact on Jane’s mentality, Mrs. Reed did unintentionally teach Jane how to stand up for herself, as well as how to give forgiveness to those who don’t deserve it. Just as significant as Mrs. Reed, in the influence of Jane, was Helen Burns, Jane’s best friend at Lowood. Helen left only a positive impact on Jane in the short time that they were together and taught her how to forgive her enemies. An example of this is when Helen tells Jane, â€Å"‘Would you not be happier if you tried to forget her severity, together with the passionate emotions it excited?’† (71). In saying this, Helen shows Jane how childish it is to hold a grudge against Mrs. Reed when she was free of her. She was also trying to help Jane be rid of any resentment she might have towards her childhood so that in the future she could be free to achieve greatness without any regret. Additionally, Helen affected Jane positively by telling her â€Å"Hush Jane, you think too much about the love of human beings [...] why, then should we ever sink overwhelmed with distress, when life is so soon over,’† (66). In saying this Helen had taught Jane not to worry about what other people think of her. Likewise, Helen is also